BATch-Dateien - andere Kommandozeilentools

Auswahl weiterer Kommandozeilentools, die nicht zum Umfang von MS Windows gehören.

Liste weiterer Kommandozeilentools

In dieser Rubrik werden verschiedene Kommandozeilentools aufgelistet, die sich ebenso in Batch-Dateien verwenden lassen. Es sind zumeist Portierungen bekannter Unix-Kommandozeilentools oder aber Freeware für Windows.
Alle genannten Programme gehören nicht(!) zum Umfang von MS Windows.

dd

Übersicht

Befehl
Name
Kurzbeschreibung
Autor
Webseite
Lizenz
Syntax
Beispiele
Links


Befehldd
NameDump Device
Kurzbeschreibungkopiert Daten blockweise
AutorPaul Rubin, David MacKenzie, and Stuart Kemp
Webseitehttp://www.chrysocome.net/dd
LizenzGNU
Syntax
Usage: dd [OPERAND]...
  or:  dd OPTION
Copy a file, converting and formatting according to the operands.

  bs=BYTES        force ibs=BYTES and obs=BYTES
  cbs=BYTES       convert BYTES bytes at a time
  conv=CONVS      convert the file as per the comma separated symbol list
  count=BLOCKS    copy only BLOCKS input blocks
  ibs=BYTES       read BYTES bytes at a time
  if=FILE         read from FILE instead of stdin
  iflag=FLAGS     read as per the comma separated symbol list
  obs=BYTES       write BYTES bytes at a time
  of=FILE         write to FILE instead of stdout
  oflag=FLAGS     write as per the comma separated symbol list
  seek=BLOCKS     skip BLOCKS obs-sized blocks at start of output
  skip=BLOCKS     skip BLOCKS ibs-sized blocks at start of input
  status=noxfer   suppress transfer statistics

BLOCKS and BYTES may be followed by the following multiplicative suffixes:
xM M, c 1, w 2, b 512, kB 1000, K 1024, MB 1000*1000, M 1024*1024,
GB 1000*1000*1000, G 1024*1024*1024, and so on for T, P, E, Z, Y.

Each CONV symbol may be:

  ascii     from EBCDIC to ASCII
  ebcdic    from ASCII to EBCDIC
  ibm       from ASCII to alternate EBCDIC
  block     pad newline-terminated records with spaces to cbs-size
  unblock   replace trailing spaces in cbs-size records with newline
  lcase     change upper case to lower case
  nocreat   do not create the output file
  excl      fail if the output file already exists
  notrunc   do not truncate the output file
  ucase     change lower case to upper case
  swab      swap every pair of input bytes
  noerror   continue after read errors
  sync      pad every input block with NULs to ibs-size; when used
            with block or unblock, pad with spaces rather than NULs
  fdatasync  physically write output file data before finishing
  fsync     likewise, but also write metadata

Each FLAG symbol may be:

  append    append mode (makes sense only for output; conv=notrunc suggested)
  direct    use direct I/O for data
  dsync     use synchronized I/O for data
  sync      likewise, but also for metadata
  nonblock  use non-blocking I/O
  noctty    do not assign controlling terminal from file
  nofollow  do not follow symlinks
  binary    use binary I/O for data
  text      use text I/O for data

Sending a USR1 signal to a running `dd' process makes it
print I/O statistics to standard error and then resume copying.

  $ dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/null& pid=$!
  $ kill -USR1 $pid; sleep 1; kill $pid
  18335302+0 records in
  18335302+0 records out
  9387674624 bytes (9.4 GB) copied, 34.6279 seconds, 271 MB/s

Options are:

      --help     display this help and exit
      --version  output version information and exit

Report bugs to <bug-coreutils@gnu.org>.
Beispiele
Linkshttp://linuxwiki.de/dd

Übersicht