BATch-Dateien - andere Kommandozeilentools

Auswahl weiterer Kommandozeilentools, die nicht zum Umfang von MS Windows gehören.

Liste weiterer Kommandozeilentools

In dieser Rubrik werden verschiedene Kommandozeilentools aufgelistet, die sich ebenso in Batch-Dateien verwenden lassen. Es sind zumeist Portierungen bekannter Unix-Kommandozeilentools oder aber Freeware für Windows.
Alle genannten Programme gehören nicht(!) zum Umfang von MS Windows.




Kurzbeschreibungvergleicht Textdateien zeilenweise
AutorPaul Eggert, Mike Haertel, David Hayes, Richard Stallman and Len Tower.
Usage: diff [OPTION]... FILES
Compare files line by line.

  -i  --ignore-case  Ignore case differences in file contents.
  --ignore-file-name-case  Ignore case when comparing file names.
  --no-ignore-file-name-case  Consider case when comparing file names.
  -E  --ignore-tab-expansion  Ignore changes due to tab expansion.
  -b  --ignore-space-change  Ignore changes in the amount of white space.
  -w  --ignore-all-space  Ignore all white space.
  -B  --ignore-blank-lines  Ignore changes whose lines are all blank.
  -I RE  --ignore-matching-lines=RE  Ignore changes whose lines all match RE.
  --strip-trailing-cr  Strip trailing carriage return on input.
  --binary  Read and write data in binary mode.
  -a  --text  Treat all files as text.

  -c  -C NUM  --context[=NUM]  Output NUM (default 3) lines of copied context.
  -u  -U NUM  --unified[=NUM]  Output NUM (default 3) lines of unified context.
    --label LABEL  Use LABEL instead of file name.
    -p  --show-c-function  Show which C function each change is in.
    -F RE  --show-function-line=RE  Show the most recent line matching RE.
  -q  --brief  Output only whether files differ.
  -e  --ed  Output an ed script.
  --normal  Output a normal diff.
  -n  --rcs  Output an RCS format diff.
  -y  --side-by-side  Output in two columns.
    -W NUM  --width=NUM  Output at most NUM (default 130) print columns.
    --left-column  Output only the left column of common lines.
    --suppress-common-lines  Do not output common lines.
  -D NAME  --ifdef=NAME  Output merged file to show `#ifdef NAME' diffs.
  --GTYPE-group-format=GFMT  Similar, but format GTYPE input groups with GFMT.
  --line-format=LFMT  Similar, but format all input lines with LFMT.
  --LTYPE-line-format=LFMT  Similar, but format LTYPE input lines with LFMT.
    LTYPE is `old', `new', or `unchanged'.  GTYPE is LTYPE or `changed'.
    GFMT may contain:
      %<  lines from FILE1
      %>  lines from FILE2
      %=  lines common to FILE1 and FILE2
      %[-][WIDTH][.[PREC]]{doxX}LETTER  printf-style spec for LETTER
        LETTERs are as follows for new group, lower case for old group:
          F  first line number
          L  last line number
          N  number of lines = L-F+1
          E  F-1
          M  L+1
    LFMT may contain:
      %L  contents of line
      %l  contents of line, excluding any trailing newline
      %[-][WIDTH][.[PREC]]{doxX}n  printf-style spec for input line number
    Either GFMT or LFMT may contain:
      %%  %
      %c'C'  the single character C
      %c'\OOO'  the character with octal code OOO

  -l  --paginate  Pass the output through `pr' to paginate it.
  -t  --expand-tabs  Expand tabs to spaces in output.
  -T  --initial-tab  Make tabs line up by prepending a tab.
  --tabsize=NUM  Tab stops are every NUM (default 8) print columns.

  -r  --recursive  Recursively compare any subdirectories found.
  -N  --new-file  Treat absent files as empty.
  --unidirectional-new-file  Treat absent first files as empty.
  -s  --report-identical-files  Report when two files are the same.
  -x PAT  --exclude=PAT  Exclude files that match PAT.
  -X FILE  --exclude-from=FILE  Exclude files that match any pattern in FILE.
  -S FILE  --starting-file=FILE  Start with FILE when comparing directories.
  --from-file=FILE1  Compare FILE1 to all operands.  FILE1 can be a directory.
  --to-file=FILE2  Compare all operands to FILE2.  FILE2 can be a directory.

  --horizon-lines=NUM  Keep NUM lines of the common prefix and suffix.
  -d  --minimal  Try hard to find a smaller set of changes.
  --speed-large-files  Assume large files and many scattered small changes.

  -v  --version  Output version info.
  --help  Output this help.

FILES are `FILE1 FILE2' or `DIR1 DIR2' or `DIR FILE...' or `FILE... DIR'.
If --from-file or --to-file is given, there are no restrictions on FILES.
If a FILE is `-', read standard input.
Exit status is 0 if inputs are the same, 1 if different, 2 if trouble.

Report bugs to <>.