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Alle genannten Programme gehören nicht(!) zum Umfang von MS Windows.

vboxmanage

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Befehl
Name
Kurzbeschreibung
Autor
Webseite
Lizenz
Syntax
Beispiele
     Virtual Box Manager
Links


Befehlvboxmanage
NameVirtualbox Command Line Management
KurzbeschreibungOracle VM VirtualBox Command Line Management Interface zum Ansteuern aller VMs und Einstellungen
Autor
Webseitehttps://www.virtualbox.org/
LizenzOS
Syntax
Oracle VM VirtualBox Command Line Management Interface Version 4.2.0
(C) 2005-2012 Oracle Corporation
All rights reserved.

Usage:

  VBoxManage [<general option>] <command>
 
 
General Options:
 
  [-v|--version]            print version number and exit
  [-q|--nologo]             suppress the logo
  [--settingspw <pw>]       provide the settings password
  [--settingspwfile <file>] provide a file containing the settings password
 
 
Commands:
 
  list [--long|-l]          vms|runningvms|ostypes|hostdvds|hostfloppies|
                            bridgedifs|hostonlyifs|dhcpservers|hostinfo|
                            hostcpuids|hddbackends|hdds|dvds|floppies|
                            usbhost|usbfilters|systemproperties|extpacks|
                            groups

  showvminfo                <uuid>|<name> [--details]
                            [--machinereadable]
  showvminfo                <uuid>|<name> --log <idx>

  registervm                <filename>

  unregistervm              <uuid>|<name> [--delete]

  createvm                  --name <name>
                            [--groups <group>, ...]
                            [--ostype <ostype>]
                            [--register]
                            [--basefolder <path>]
                            [--uuid <uuid>]

  modifyvm                  <uuid|name>
                            [--name <name>]
                            [--groups <group>, ...]
                            [--ostype <ostype>]
                            [--memory <memorysize in MB>]
                            [--pagefusion on|off]
                            [--vram <vramsize in MB>]
                            [--acpi on|off]
                            [--pciattach 03:04.0]
                            [--pciattach 03:04.0@02:01.0]
                            [--pcidetach 03:04.0]
                            [--ioapic on|off]
                            [--pae on|off]
                            [--hpet on|off]
                            [--hwvirtex on|off]
                            [--hwvirtexexcl on|off]
                            [--nestedpaging on|off]
                            [--largepages on|off]
                            [--vtxvpid on|off]
                            [--synthcpu on|off]
                            [--cpuidset <leaf> <eax> <ebx> <ecx> <edx>]
                            [--cpuidremove <leaf>]
                            [--cpuidremoveall]
                            [--hardwareuuid <uuid>]
                            [--cpus <number>]
                            [--cpuhotplug on|off]
                            [--plugcpu <id>]
                            [--unplugcpu <id>]
                            [--cpuexecutioncap <1-100>]
                            [--rtcuseutc on|off]
                            [--monitorcount <number>]
                            [--accelerate3d on|off]
                            [--accelerate2dvideo on|off]
                            [--firmware bios|efi|efi32|efi64]
                            [--chipset ich9|piix3]
                            [--bioslogofadein on|off]
                            [--bioslogofadeout on|off]
                            [--bioslogodisplaytime <msec>]
                            [--bioslogoimagepath <imagepath>]
                            [--biosbootmenu disabled|menuonly|messageandmenu]
                            [--biossystemtimeoffset <msec>]
                            [--biospxedebug on|off]
                            [--boot<1-4> none|floppy|dvd|disk|net>]
                            [--nic<1-N> none|null|nat|bridged|intnet|hostonly|
                                        generic]
                            [--nictype<1-N> Am79C970A|Am79C973|
                                            82540EM|82543GC|82545EM|
                                            virtio]
                            [--cableconnected<1-N> on|off]
                            [--nictrace<1-N> on|off]
                            [--nictracefile<1-N> <filename>]
                            [--nicproperty<1-N> name=[value]]
                            [--nicspeed<1-N> <kbps>]
                            [--nicbootprio<1-N> <priority>]
                            [--nicpromisc<1-N> deny|allow-vms|allow-all]
                            [--nicbandwidthgroup<1-N> none|<name>]
                            [--bridgeadapter<1-N> none|<devicename>]
                            [--hostonlyadapter<1-N> none|<devicename>]
                            [--intnet<1-N> <network name>]
                            [--natnet<1-N> <network>|default]
                            [--nicgenericdrv<1-N> <driver>
                            [--natsettings<1-N> [<mtu>],[<socksnd>],
                                                [<sockrcv>],[<tcpsnd>],
                                                [<tcprcv>]]
                            [--natpf<1-N> [<rulename>],tcp|udp,[<hostip>],
                                          <hostport>,[<guestip>],<guestport>]
                            [--natpf<1-N> delete <rulename>]
                            [--nattftpprefix<1-N> <prefix>]
                            [--nattftpfile<1-N> <file>]
                            [--nattftpserver<1-N> <ip>]
                            [--natbindip<1-N> <ip>
                            [--natdnspassdomain<1-N> on|off]
                            [--natdnsproxy<1-N> on|off]
                            [--natdnshostresolver<1-N> on|off]
                            [--nataliasmode<1-N> default|[log],[proxyonly],
                                                         [sameports]]
                            [--macaddress<1-N> auto|<mac>]
                            [--mouse ps2|usb|usbtablet
                            [--keyboard ps2|usb
                            [--uart<1-N> off|<I/O base> <IRQ>]
                            [--uartmode<1-N> disconnected|
                                             server <pipe>|
                                             client <pipe>|
                                             file <file>|
                                             <devicename>]
                            [--lpt<1-N> off|<I/O base> <IRQ>]
                            [--lptmode<1-N> <devicename>]
                            [--guestmemoryballoon <balloonsize in MB>]
                            [--gueststatisticsinterval <seconds>]
                            [--audio none|null|dsound]
                            [--audiocontroller ac97|hda|sb16]
                            [--clipboard disabled|hosttoguest|guesttohost|
                                         bidirectional]
                            [--draganddrop disabled|hosttoguest
                            [--vrde on|off]
                            [--vrdeextpack default|<name>
                            [--vrdeproperty <name=[value]>]
                            [--vrdeport <hostport>]
                            [--vrdeaddress <hostip>]
                            [--vrdeauthtype null|external|guest]
                            [--vrdeauthlibrary default|<name>
                            [--vrdemulticon on|off]
                            [--vrdereusecon on|off]
                            [--vrdevideochannel on|off]
                            [--vrdevideochannelquality <percent>]
                            [--usb on|off]
                            [--usbehci on|off]
                            [--snapshotfolder default|<path>]
                            [--teleporter on|off]
                            [--teleporterport <port>]
                            [--teleporteraddress <address|empty>
                            [--teleporterpassword <password>]
                            [--teleporterpasswordfile  <file>|stdin]
                            [--tracing-enabled on|off]
                            [--tracing-config <config-string>]
                            [--tracing-allow-vm-access on|off]
                            [--usbcardreader on|off]
                            [--autostart-enabled on|off]
                            [--autostart-delay <seconds>]
                            [--autostop-type disabled|savestate|poweroff|
                                             acpishutdown]

  clonevm                   <uuid>|<name>
                            [--snapshot <uuid>|<name>]
                            [--mode machine|machineandchildren|all]
                            [--options link|keepallmacs|keepnatmacs|
                                       keepdisknames]
                            [--name <name>]
                            [--groups <group>, ...]
                            [--basefolder <basefolder>]
                            [--uuid <uuid>]
                            [--register]

  import                    <ovf/ova>
                            [--dry-run|-n]
                            [--options keepallmacs|keepnatmacs]
                            [more options]
                            (run with -n to have options displayed
                             for a particular OVF)

  export                    <machines> --output|-o <name>.<ovf/ova>
                            [--legacy09|--ovf09|--ovf10|--ovf20]
                            [--manifest]
                            [--vsys <number of virtual system>]
                                    [--product <product name>]
                                    [--producturl <product url>]
                                    [--vendor <vendor name>]
                                    [--vendorurl <vendor url>]
                                    [--version <version info>]
                                    [--eula <license text>]
                                    [--eulafile <filename>]

  startvm                   <uuid>|<name>...
                            [--type gui|sdl|headless]

  controlvm                 <uuid>|<name>
                            pause|resume|reset|poweroff|savestate|
                            acpipowerbutton|acpisleepbutton|
                            keyboardputscancode <hex> [<hex> ...]|
                            setlinkstate<1-N> on|off |
                            nic<1-N> null|nat|bridged|intnet|hostonly|generic
                                     [<devicename>] |
                            nictrace<1-N> on|off
                            nictracefile<1-N> <filename>
                            nicproperty<1-N> name=[value]
                            natpf<1-N> [<rulename>],tcp|udp,[<hostip>],
                                          <hostport>,[<guestip>],<guestport>
                            natpf<1-N> delete <rulename>
                            guestmemoryballoon <balloonsize in MB>]
                            gueststatisticsinterval <seconds>]
                            usbattach <uuid>|<address> |
                            usbdetach <uuid>|<address> |
                            clipboard disabled|hosttoguest|guesttohost|
                                         bidirectional]
                            draganddrop disabled|hosttoguest]
                            vrde on|off |
                            vrdeport <port> |
                            vrdeproperty <name=[value]> |
                            vrdevideochannelquality <percent>
                            setvideomodehint <xres> <yres> <bpp>
                                            [[<display>] [<enabled:yes|no>
                                              [<xorigin> <yorigin>]]] |
                            screenshotpng <file> [display] |
                            setcredentials <username>
                                           --passwordfile <file> | <password>
                                           <domain>
                                           [--allowlocallogon <yes|no>] |
                            teleport --host <name> --port <port>
                                     [--maxdowntime <msec>]
                                     [--passwordfile <file> |
                                      --password <password>]
                            plugcpu <id>
                            unplugcpu <id>
                            cpuexecutioncap <1-100>

  discardstate              <uuid>|<name>

  adoptstate                <uuid>|<name> <state_file>

  snapshot                  <uuid>|<name>
                            take <name> [--description <desc>] [--pause] |
                            delete <uuid>|<name> |
                            restore <uuid>|<name> |
                            restorecurrent |
                            edit <uuid>|<name>|--current
                                 [--name <name>]
                                 [--description <desc>] |
                            list [--details|--machinereadable]
                            showvminfo <uuid>|<name>

  closemedium               disk|dvd|floppy <uuid>|<filename>
                            [--delete]

  storageattach             <uuid|vmname>
                            --storagectl <name>
                            [--port <number>]
                            [--device <number>]
                            [--type dvddrive|hdd|fdd]
                            [--medium none|emptydrive|
                                      <uuid>|<filename>|host:<drive>|iscsi]
                            [--mtype normal|writethrough|immutable|shareable|
                                     readonly|multiattach]
                            [--comment <text>]
                            [--setuuid <uuid>]
                            [--setparentuuid <uuid>]
                            [--passthrough on|off]
                            [--tempeject on|off]
                            [--nonrotational on|off]
                            [--discard on|off]
                            [--bandwidthgroup <name>]
                            [--forceunmount]
                            [--server <name>|<ip>]
                            [--target <target>]
                            [--tport <port>]
                            [--lun <lun>]
                            [--encodedlun <lun>]
                            [--username <username>]
                            [--password <password>]
                            [--initiator <initiator>]
                            [--intnet]

  storagectl                <uuid|vmname>
                            --name <name>
                            [--add ide|sata|scsi|floppy|sas]
                            [--controller LSILogic|LSILogicSAS|BusLogic|
                                          IntelAHCI|PIIX3|PIIX4|ICH6|I82078]
                            [--sataideemulation<1-4> <1-30>]
                            [--sataportcount <1-30>]
                            [--hostiocache on|off]
                            [--bootable on|off]
                            [--remove]

  bandwidthctl              <uuid|vmname>
                            add <name> --type disk|network
                                --limit <megabytes per second>[k|m|g|K|M|G] |
                            set <name>
                                --limit <megabytes per second>[k|m|g|K|M|G] |
                            remove <name> |
                            list [--machinereadable]
                            (limit units: k=kilobit, m=megabit, g=gigabit,
                                          K=kilobyte, M=megabyte, G=gigabyte)

  showhdinfo                <uuid>|<filename>

  createhd                  --filename <filename>
                            [--size <megabytes>|--sizebyte <bytes>]
                            [--diffparent <uuid>|<filename>
                            [--format VDI|VMDK|VHD] (default: VDI)
                            [--variant Standard,Fixed,Split2G,Stream,ESX]

  modifyhd                  <uuid>|<filename>
                            [--type normal|writethrough|immutable|shareable|
                                    readonly|multiattach]
                            [--autoreset on|off]
                            [--compact]
                            [--resize <megabytes>|--resizebyte <bytes>]

  clonehd                   <uuid>|<filename> <uuid>|<outputfile>
                            [--format VDI|VMDK|VHD|RAW|<other>]
                            [--variant Standard,Fixed,Split2G,Stream,ESX]
                            [--existing]

  convertfromraw            <filename> <outputfile>
                            [--format VDI|VMDK|VHD]
                            [--variant Standard,Fixed,Split2G,Stream,ESX]
                            [--uuid <uuid>]
  convertfromraw            stdin <outputfile> <bytes>
                            [--format VDI|VMDK|VHD]
                            [--variant Standard,Fixed,Split2G,Stream,ESX]
                            [--uuid <uuid>]

  getextradata              global|<uuid>|<name>
                            <key>|enumerate

  setextradata              global|<uuid>|<name>
                            <key>
                            [<value>] (no value deletes key)

  setproperty               machinefolder default|<folder> |
                            vrdeauthlibrary default|<library> |
                            websrvauthlibrary default|null|<library> |
                            vrdeextpack null|<library> |
                            autostartdbpath null|<folder> |
                            loghistorycount <value>

  usbfilter                 add <index,0-N>
                            --target <uuid>|<name>|global
                            --name <string>
                            --action ignore|hold (global filters only)
                            [--active yes|no] (yes)
                            [--vendorid <XXXX>] (null)
                            [--productid <XXXX>] (null)
                            [--revision <IIFF>] (null)
                            [--manufacturer <string>] (null)
                            [--product <string>] (null)
                            [--remote yes|no] (null, VM filters only)
                            [--serialnumber <string>] (null)
                            [--maskedinterfaces <XXXXXXXX>]

  usbfilter                 modify <index,0-N>
                            --target <uuid>|<name>|global
                            [--name <string>]
                            [--action ignore|hold] (global filters only)
                            [--active yes|no]
                            [--vendorid <XXXX>|""]
                            [--productid <XXXX>|""]
                            [--revision <IIFF>|""]
                            [--manufacturer <string>|""]
                            [--product <string>|""]
                            [--remote yes|no] (null, VM filters only)
                            [--serialnumber <string>|""]
                            [--maskedinterfaces <XXXXXXXX>]

  usbfilter                 remove <index,0-N>
                            --target <uuid>|<name>|global

  sharedfolder              add <vmname>|<uuid>
                            --name <name> --hostpath <hostpath>
                            [--transient] [--readonly] [--automount]

  sharedfolder              remove <vmname>|<uuid>
                            --name <name> [--transient]

  guestproperty             get <vmname>|<uuid>
                            <property> [--verbose]

  guestproperty             set <vmname>|<uuid>
                            <property> [<value> [--flags <flags>]]

  guestproperty             enumerate <vmname>|<uuid>
                            [--patterns <patterns>]

  guestproperty             wait <vmname>|<uuid> <patterns>
                            [--timeout <msec>] [--fail-on-timeout]

  guestcontrol              <vmname>|<uuid>
                            exec[ute]
                            --image <path to program> --username <name>
                            [--passwordfile <file> | --password <password>]
                            [--domain <domain>] [--verbose] [--timeout <msec>]
                            [--environment "<NAME>=<VALUE> [<NAME>=<VALUE>]"]
                            [--wait-exit] [--wait-stdout] [--wait-stderr]
                            [--dos2unix] [--unix2dos]
                            [-- [<argument1>] ... [<argumentN>]]

                            copyfrom
                            <guest source> <host dest> --username <name>
                            [--passwordfile <file> | --password <password>]
                            [--domain <domain>] [--verbose]
                            [--dryrun] [--follow] [--recursive]

                            copyto|cp
                            <host source> <guest dest> --username <name>
                            [--passwordfile <file> | --password <password>]
                            [--domain <domain>] [--verbose]
                            [--dryrun] [--follow] [--recursive]

                            createdir[ectory]|mkdir|md
                            <guest directory>... --username <name>
                            [--passwordfile <file> | --password <password>]
                            [--domain <domain>] [--verbose]
                            [--parents] [--mode <mode>]

                            stat
                            <file>... --username <name>
                            [--passwordfile <file> | --password <password>]
                            [--domain <domain>] [--verbose]

                            updateadditions
                            [--source <guest additions .ISO>] [--verbose]
                            [--wait-start]

  debugvm                   <uuid>|<name>
                            dumpguestcore --filename <name> |
                            info <item> [args] |
                            injectnmi |
                            log [--release|--debug] <settings> ...|
                            logdest [--release|--debug] <settings> ...|
                            logflags [--release|--debug] <settings> ...|
                            osdetect |
                            osinfo |
                            getregisters [--cpu <id>] <reg>|all ... |
                            setregisters [--cpu <id>] <reg>=<value> ... |
                            show [--human-readable|--sh-export|--sh-eval|
                                  --cmd-set] 
                                <logdbg-settings|logrel-settings>
                                [[opt] what ...] |
                            statistics [--reset] [--pattern <pattern>]
                            [--descriptions]

  metrics                   list [*|host|<vmname> [<metric_list>]]
                                                 (comma-separated)

  metrics                   setup
                            [--period <seconds>] (default: 1)
                            [--samples <count>] (default: 1)
                            [--list]
                            [*|host|<vmname> [<metric_list>]]

  metrics                   query [*|host|<vmname> [<metric_list>]]

  metrics                   enable
                            [--list]
                            [*|host|<vmname> [<metric_list>]]

  metrics                   disable
                            [--list]
                            [*|host|<vmname> [<metric_list>]]

  metrics                   collect
                            [--period <seconds>] (default: 1)
                            [--samples <count>] (default: 1)
                            [--list]
                            [--detach]
                            [*|host|<vmname> [<metric_list>]]

  hostonlyif                ipconfig <name>
                            [--dhcp |
                            --ip<ipv4> [--netmask<ipv4> (def: 255.255.255.0)] |
                            --ipv6<ipv6> [--netmasklengthv6<length> (def: 64)]]
                            create |
                            remove <name>

  dhcpserver                add|modify --netname <network_name> |
                                       --ifname <hostonly_if_name>
                            [--ip <ip_address>
                            --netmask <network_mask>
                            --lowerip <lower_ip>
                            --upperip <upper_ip>]
                            [--enable | --disable]

  dhcpserver                remove --netname <network_name> |
                                   --ifname <hostonly_if_name>

  extpack                   install [--replace] <tarball> |
                            uninstall [--force] <name> |
                            cleanup

Beispiele

Virtual Box Manager

vorhandene VMs auflisten
C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox>VBoxManage.exe list vms
"WinXP" {733a52cf-ea12-4f83-a469-34af325800ac}
"Linux Mint 12 KDE" {c758e318-2420-4319-a676-8466eb11316f}
"centos" {bb6d8063-8a5b-4bda-ad3d-ce6ed4b05ab6}
"Win98" {e0350f2c-61ad-47ab-8eb7-06d3dddd86d3}

davon CentOS starten
C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox>VBoxManage.exe startvm "centos"
Waiting for VM "centos" to power on...
VM "centos" has been successfully started.

laufende Instanzen auflisten
C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox>VBoxManage.exe list runningvms
"centos" {bb6d8063-8a5b-4bda-ad3d-ce6ed4b05ab6}

Einstellungen einer VM ansehen
C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox>VBoxManage.exe showvminfo "centos"
Name:            centos
Groups:          /
Guest OS:        Red Hat (64 bit)
UUID:            bb6d8063-8a5b-4bda-ad3d-ce6ed4b05ab6
Config file:     C:\Users\axel.PC-Acer\VirtualBox VMs\centos\centos.vbox
Snapshot folder: C:\Users\axel.PC-Acer\VirtualBox VMs\centos\Snapshots
Log folder:      C:\Users\axel.PC-Acer\VirtualBox VMs\centos\Logs
Hardware UUID:   bb6d8063-8a5b-4bda-ad3d-ce6ed4b05ab6
Memory size:     2048MB
Page Fusion:     off
VRAM size:       128MB
CPU exec cap:    100%
HPET:            off
Chipset:         piix3
Firmware:        BIOS
Number of CPUs:  2
Synthetic Cpu:   off
CPUID overrides: None
Boot menu mode:  message and menu
Boot Device (1): Floppy
Boot Device (2): DVD
Boot Device (3): HardDisk
Boot Device (4): Not Assigned
ACPI:            on
IOAPIC:          on
PAE:             on
Time offset:     0ms
RTC:             UTC
Hardw. virt.ext: on
Hardw. virt.ext exclusive: off
Nested Paging:   on
Large Pages:     on
VT-x VPID:       on
State:           powered off (since 2013-01-27T12:31:38.982000000)
Monitor count:   1
3D Acceleration: off
2D Video Acceleration: off
Teleporter Enabled: off
Teleporter Port: 0
Teleporter Address:
Teleporter Password:
Tracing Enabled: off
Allow Tracing to Access VM: off
Tracing Configuration:
Autostart Enabled: off
Autostart Delay: 0
Storage Controller Name (0):            IDE-Controller
Storage Controller Type (0):            PIIX4
Storage Controller Instance Number (0): 0
Storage Controller Max Port Count (0):  2
Storage Controller Port Count (0):      2
Storage Controller Bootable (0):        on
Storage Controller Name (1):            SATA-Controller
Storage Controller Type (1):            IntelAhci
Storage Controller Instance Number (1): 0
Storage Controller Max Port Count (1):  30
Storage Controller Port Count (1):      1
Storage Controller Bootable (1):        on
IDE-Controller (0, 0): C:\Program Files\Oracle\VirtualBox\VBoxGuestAdditions.iso
 (UUID: e66a9f06-d6e6-43d0-b382-1ec8cdc9db67)
SATA-Controller (0, 0): C:\Virtualbox\hd-images\centos\hda.vdi (UUID: b0ca78b4-8
6ab-440d-a8a3-17951950735a)
NIC 1:           MAC: 08002749C119, Attachment: NAT, Cable connected: on, Trace:
 off (file: none), Type: 82540EM, Reported speed: 0 Mbps, Boot priority: 0, Prom
isc Policy: deny, Bandwidth group: none
NIC 1 Settings:  MTU: 0, Socket (send: 64, receive: 64), TCP Window (send:64, re
ceive: 64)
NIC 2:           disabled
NIC 3:           disabled
NIC 4:           disabled
NIC 5:           disabled
NIC 6:           disabled
NIC 7:           disabled
NIC 8:           disabled
Pointing Device: PS/2 Mouse
Keyboard Device: PS/2 Keyboard
UART 1:          disabled
UART 2:          disabled
LPT 1:           disabled
LPT 2:           disabled
Audio:           enabled (Driver: DSOUND, Controller: AC97)
Clipboard Mode:  Bidirectional
Drag'n'drop Mode:  disabled
VRDE:            disabled
USB:             enabled
EHCI:            disabled

USB Device Filters:



Available remote USB devices:



Currently Attached USB Devices:



Bandwidth groups:  

Shared folders:

Name: 'Austausch', Host path: 'D:\Austausch' (machine mapping), readonly

VRDE Connection:    not active
Clients so far:     0

Guest:

Configured memory balloon size:      0 MB

Linkshttp://nakkaya.com/2012/08/30/create-manage-virtualBox-vms-from-the-command-line/
https://gist.github.com/fbudin69500/35ce8059a46e700e5101

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